Capias – The Latin meaning is “That You Take”. This is the name for several types of writs which require that a law enforcement official take a named defendant into custody.
Capital Case/Crime – Case or crime for which the death penalty may be imposed.
Capital Punishment – Punishment by death for capital crime.
Carnal – Sexual, sensual. Carnal knowledge is sexual intercourse.
Charge – In criminal law, a charge is an allegation that an individual has committed a specific offense.
Citation – An order issued by a law enforcement officer requiring appearance in court to answer a charge. Bail is not accepted in lieu of appearance.
Circuit – Judicial division of the United States or of an individual state.
Circuit Courts – Courts whose jurisdiction extends over several counties or districts. (There are thirteen judicial circuits wherein the U.S. Courts of Appeals reside).
City Court – Courts that try persons accused of violating municipal ordinances. City courts may have jurisdiction over minor civil or criminal cases, or both.
Civil Disorder – A violent public disturbance by three or more people which causes danger, damage or injury to property or persons.
Co-defendant – One of a group of two or more people charged in the same crime.
Coercion – The use of physical force or threats to compel someone to commit an act against their will.
Compounding Crime – The receipt by an individual of consideration in exchange for an agreement not to prosecute or inform on someone who they know has committed a crime.
Concurrent Sentences – Two or more terms of imprisonment served simultaneously.
Conditional Discharge – A conviction. Court issues the discharge from the jail and requires defendant to comply with some conditions. Regardless whether defendant complies with rules or not, he/she is still convicted (GUILTY) and case can never be expunged.
Conditional Release – The release from a correctional facility before full sentence has been served which is conditioned on specific behavior. If conditions are not met, the individual may be returned to the facility.
Consecutive Sentences – Multiple sentences, served one after the other.
Conspiracy – The coming together of two or more people for the purpose of committing an unlawful act or to commit a lawful act by unlawful means.
Contempt of Court – An act committed which serves to obstruct the court in its administration or authority.
Controlled Substance – A drug whose availability is restricted by law.
Conversion – The unauthorized taking of another’s property.
Conviction – Guilty verdict in a criminal trial.
Count/Charge – An offense named in a cause of action. A cause of action may contain multiple counts or charges, each relating to the others but identifying a separate offense.
Court of Limited Jurisdiction – Court that has authority to adjudicate cases of a certain kind or up to a limited amount, usually lesser offenses. (Opposite of Court of General Jurisdiction)
Court of Record – The court where the permanent record of all proceedings is held.
Credit Card Fraud – Use, or attempted use of a credit card to purchase goods or services with the intent to avoid payment of such.
Crime Against Nature – Deviant sexual intercourse.
Criminal Nonsupport – Failure to pay child support in violation of court order.
Culpability – Blame, or degree of responsibility for a crime. This may be in degrees of purposeful, knowingly, recklessly or by negligence.
Cumulative Sentence – A sentence that takes effect after a prior sentence is completed for crimes tried under the same cause of action.